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      §9. But this Modification of Distance, we call Place, being made
by Men, for their common use, that by it they might be able to
design the particular Position of Things, where they had occasion
for such Designation, Men consider and determine of this Place,
by reference to those adjacent things, which best served to their
present Purpose, without considering other things, which to
another Purpose would better determine the Place of the same thing.
Thus in the Chess-board, the use of the Designation of the Place of
each Chess-man, being determined only within that chequer’d
piece of Wood, ’twould cross that Purpose, to measure it by any
thing else: But when these very Chess-men are put up in a Bag, if
any one should ask, where the black King is, it would be proper to
determine the Place by the parts of the Room it was in, and not by the
Chess-board; there being another use of designing the Place it is now
in, than when in Play it was on the Chess-board, and so must be
determined by other Bodies. So if any one should ask, in what Place
are the Verses, which report the Story of Nisus and Eurialus, ’twould
be very improper to determine this Place, by saying, they were in
such a part of the Earth, or in Bodley’s Library: But the right
Designation of the place, would be by the parts of Virgil’s Works;
and the proper Answer would be, That these Verses were about the
middle of the Ninth Book of his AEneids; And that they have been
always constantly in the same Place ever since Virgil was printed:
Which is true, though the Book it self hath moved a Thousand
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times, the use of the Idea of Place here, being to know only, in what
part of the Book that Story is; that so upon occasion, we may know
where to find it, and have recourse to it for our use.
Locke Hum II, 13, §9, pp. 170-171