— 77 —
Lord Herbert’s innate Principles examined.       §15. When I had writ this, being informed, that my Lord
Herbert had in his Books de Veritate, assigned these innate Principles,
I presently consulted him, hoping to find, in a Man of so great Parts,
something that might satisfy me in this point, and put an end to my
Enquiry. In his Chapter de Instinctu naturali, p. 76. edit. 1656. I met with
these six Marks of his notitiae Communes, I. Prioritas. 2. Independentia.
3. Universalitas. 4. Certitudo. 5. Necessitas,i.e. as he explains it, faciunt,
ad hominis conservationem. 6. Modus conformationis, i.e. Assensus nullâ
interpositâ morâ. And at the latter end of his little Treatise, De
Religione Laici, he says this of these innate Principles: Adeo ut non
uniuscujusvis Religionis confinio arctentur quae ubique vigent veritates.
Sunt enim in ipsâ mente coelitùs descriptae nullisque traditionibus
, sive
scriptis
, sive non scriptis, obnoxiae, p. 3. And, Veritates nostrae Catholicae,
quae tanquam indubia Dei effata in foro interiori descripta Thus having
given the Marks of the innate Principles or common Notions,
and asserted their being imprinted on the Minds of Men by the
Hand of God, he proceeds to set them down; and they are these: 1.
Esse aliquod supremum numen. 2. Numen illud coli debere. 3. Virtutem cum
pietate conjunctam optimam esse rationem cultu^s divini. 4. Resipiscendum
esse à peccatis. 5. Dari praemium vel poenam post hanc vitam transactam.
Though I allow these to be clear Truths, and such as, if rightly
explained, a rational Creature can hardly avoid giving his assent to:
yet I think he is far from proving them innate Impressions in Foro
interiori descriptae. For I must take leave to observe,
Locke Hum I, 3, §15, p. 77