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Instances of Enormities practised without remorse       §9. But I cannot see how any Men, should ever transgress those
Moral Rules, with Confidence, and Serenity, were they innate, and
stamped upon their Minds. View but an Army at the sacking of a
Town, and see what Observation, or Sense of Moral Principles, or
what touch of Conscience, for all the Outrages they do. Robberies,
Murders, Rapes, are the Sports of Men set at Liberty from Punish-
ment and Censure. Have there not been whole Nations, and those
of the most civilized People, amongst whom, the exposing their
Children, and leaving them in the Fields, to perish by Want or
wild Beasts, has been the Practice, as little condemned or scrupled,
as the begetting them? Do they not still, in some Countries, put
them into the same Graves with their Mothers, if they die in
Child-birth; Or dispatch them, if a pretended Astrologer declares
them to have unhappy Stars? And are there not Places, where at a
certain Age, they kill, or expose their Parents without any remorse
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at all? In a Part of Asia, the Sick, when their Case comes to be
thought desperate, are carried out and laid on the Earth, before
they are dead, and left there, exposed to Wind and Weather, to
perish without Assistance or Pity. Gruber apud Thevenot. part 4. p. 23. It is familiar amongst the
Mengrelians, a People professing Christianity, to bury their Children
alive without scruple. Lambert apud Thevenot, p. 38. There are Places where they eat their own
Children. Vossius de Nili Origine γ.18, 19. The Caribes were wont to geld their Children, on
purpose to fat and eat them. P. Mart. Dec. Ι. And Garcilasso de la Vega tells us of a
People in Peru, which were wont to fat and eat the Children they
got on their female Captives, whom they kept as Concubines for
that purpose; and when they were past Breeding the Mothers
themselves were kill’d too and eaten. Hist. des Incas, l. Ι, c. 12. The Vertues, whereby the
Tououpinambos believed they merited Paradise, were Revenge, and
eating abundance of their Enemies. Lery, c. 16. They have not so much as a
Name for God, Lery, pag. 216. No Acknowledgment of any God, no
Religion, no Worship, pag. 231. The Saints, who are canonized
amongst the Turks, lead Lives, which one cannot with Modesty
relate. A remarkable Passage to this purpose, out of the Voyage of
Baumgarten, which is a Book, not every Day to be met with, I shall
set down at large, in the Language it is published in. Ibi (sc. prope
Belbes in AEgypto) vidimus sanctum unum Saracenicun inter arenarum
cumulos, ita ut ex utero matris prodiit nudum sedentem. Mos est, ut didi-
cimus Mahometistis, ut eos, qui amentes et sine ratione sunt, pro sanctis
colant et venerentur. Insuper et eos qui cum diu vitam egerint inquinatissimam,
voluntariam demum paenitentiam et paupertatem, sanctitate venerandos
deputant. Ejusmodi verò genus hominum libertatem quandam effraenem
habent, domos quas volunt intrandi, edendi, bibendi, et quod majus est,
concumbendi; ex quo concubitu, si proles secuta fuerit, sancta similiter
habetur. His ergo hominibus, dum vivunt, magnos exhibent honores; mortuis
verò vel templa vel monumenta extruunt amplissima, eosque contingere ac
sepelire maximae fortunae ducunt loco. Audivimus haec dicta et dicenda per
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interpretem à Mucrelo nostro. Insuper sanctum illum, quem eo loci vidimus,
publicitus apprimè commendari, eum esse Hominem sanctum, divinum ac
integritate praecipuum; eo quod, nec faeminarum unquam esset, nec pue-
rorum, sed tantummodo asellarum concubitor atque mularum. Peregr.
Baumgarten, l. 2. c. 1. p. 73. More of the same Kind, concerning
these precious Saints amongst the Turks, may be seen in Pietro
della Valle, in his Letter of the 25th of January, 1616. Where then are
those innate Principles, of Justice, Piety, Gratitude, Equity,
Chastity? Or, where is that universal Consent, that assures us
there are such inbred Rules? Murders in Duels, when Fashion has
made them honourable, are committed without remorse of Con-
science: Nay, in many Places, Innocence in this Case is the greatest
Ignominy. And if we look abroad, to take a view of Men, as they are,
we shall find, that they have remorse in one Place, for doing or
omitting that, which others, in another Place, think they merit by.
Locke Hum I, 3, §9, pp. 70-71-72