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Faith and Justice not owned as Principles by all Men.       §2. Whether there be any such moral Principles, wherein all
Men do agree, I appeal to any, who have been but moderately
conversant in the History of Mankind, and look’d abroad beyond
the Smoak of their own Chimneys. Where is that practical Truth,
that is universally received without doubt or question, as it must be
if innate? Justice, and keeping of Contracts, is that which most Men
seem to agree in. This is a Principle, which is thought to extend it self
to the Dens of Thieves, and the Confederacies of the greatest
Villains; and they who have gone farthest towards the putting off
of Humanity it self, keep Faith and Rules of justice one with
another. I grant that Outlaws themselves do this one amongst
another: but ’tis without receiving these as the innate Laws of
Nature. They practise them as Rules of convenience within their
own Communities: But it is impossible to conceive, that he im-
braces Justice as a practical Principle, who acts fairly with his
Fellow High-way-men, and at the same time plunders, or kills the
next honest Man he meets with. Justice and Truth are the common
ties of Society; and therefore, even Outlaws and Robbers, who break
with all the World besides, must keep Faith and Rules of Equity
amongst themselves, or else they cannot hold together. But
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will any one say, That those that live by Fraud and Rapine,
have innate Principles of Truth and Justice which they allow and
assent to?
Locke Hum I, 3, §2, pp. 66-67