— 694 —
Or not contrary to Reason, if revealed, are matter of Faith.
      §8. But since GOD in giving us the light of Reason has not there-
by tied up his own Hands from affording us, when he thinks fit, the
light of Revelation in any of those Matters, wherein our natural
Faculties are able to give a probable Determination, Revelation,
where God has been pleased to give it, must carry it, against the
probable Conjectures of Reason. Because the Mind, not being certain of
the Truth of that it does not evidently know, but only yielding to
the Probability that appears in it, is bound to give up its Assent to
such a Testimony, which, it is satisfied, comes from one, who cannot
err, and will not deceive. But yet, it still belongs to Reason, to judge
of the Truth of its being a Revelation, and of the signification of the
Words, wherein it is delivered. Indeed, if any thing shall be thought
Revelation, which is contrary to the plain Principles of Reason, and
the evident Knowledge the Mind has of its own clear and distinct
Ideas; there Reason must be hearkned to, as to a Matter within its
Province. Since a Man can never have so certain a Knowledge, that
a Proposition which contradicts the clear Principles and Evidence
of his own Knowledge, was divinely revealed, or that he under-
stands the Words rightly, wherein it is delivered, as he has, that
— 695 —
the contrary is true, and so is bound to consider and judge of it as a
Matter of Reason, and not swallow it, without Examination, as a
Matter of Faith.
Locke Hum IV, 18, §8, pp. 694-695