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      But God has not been so sparing to Men to make them barely
two-legged Creatures, and left it to Aristotle to make them Rational,
i.e. those few of them that he could get so to examine the Grounds
of Syllogisms, as to see, that in above threescore ways, that three
Propositions may be laid together, there are but about fourteen
wherein one may be sure that the Conclusion is right, and upon
what ground it is, that in these few the Conclusion is certain, and
in the other not. God has been more bountiful to Mankind than so.
He has given them a Mind that can reason without being instructed
in Methods of Syllogizing: The Understanding is not taught to
reason by these Rules; it has a native Faculty to perceive the
Coherence, or Incoherence of its Ideas, and can range them right,
without any such perplexing Repetitions. I say not this any way to
lessen Aristotle, whom I look on as one of the greatest Men amongst
the Antients; whose large Views, acuteness and penetration of
Thought, and strength of Judgment, few have equalled: And who
in this very invention of Forms of Argumentation, wherein the
Conclusion may be shewn to be rightly inferred, did great service
against those, who were not ashamed to deny any thing. And I
readily own, that all right reasoning may be reduced to his Forms
of Syllogism. But yet I think without any diminution to him I may
truly say, that they are not the only, nor the best way of reasoning,
for the leading of those into Truth who are willing to find it, and
desire to make the best use they may of their Reason, for the
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attainment of Knowledge. And he himself it is plain, found out some
Forms to be conclusive, and others not, not by the Forms them-
selves but by the original way of Knowledge, i.e. by the visible agree-
ment of Ideas. Tell a Country Gentlewoman, that the Wind is
South-West, and the Weather louring, and like to rain, and she will
easily understand,’ tis not safe for her to go abroad thin clad, in
such a day, after a Fever: she clearly sees the probable Connexion
of all these, viz. South-West-Wind, and Clouds, Rain, wetting,
taking Cold, Relapse, and danger of Death, without tying them
together in those artificial and cumbersome Fetters of several
Syllogisms, that clog and hinder the Mind, which proceeds from
one part to another quicker and clearer without them: and the
Probability which she easily perceives in Things thus in their
native State, would be quite lost, if this Argument were managed
learnedly, and proposed in Mode and Figure. For it very often
confounds the connexion: and, I think, every one will perceive in
mathematical Demonstrations, that the Knowledge gained thereby,
comes shortest and clearest without Syllogism.
Locke Hum IV, 17, §4, pp. 671-672