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Whether in motion, or at rest.
      §17. But farther, this corporeal System either has all its parts at
rest, or it is a certain motion of the parts wherein its Thinking
consists. If it be perfectly at rest, it is but one lump, and so can have
no priviledges above one Atom.
      If it be the motion of its parts, on which its Thinking depends, all
the Thoughts there must be unavoidably accidental, and limited;
since all the Particles that by Motion cause Thought, being each of
them in it self without any Thought, cannot regulate its own
Motions, much less be regulated by the Thought of the whole;
since that Thought is not the cause of Motion, (for then it must be
antecedent to it, and so without it,) but the consequence of it,
whereby Freedom, Power, Choice, and all rational and wise think-
ing or acting will be quite taken away: So that such a thinking
Being will be no better nor wiser, than pure blind Matter; since to
resolve all into the accidental unguided motions of blind Matter,
or into Thought depending on unguided motions of blind Matter,
is the same thing; not to mention the narrowness of such Thoughts
and Knowledge, that must depend on the motion of such parts.
But there needs no enumeration of any more Absurdities and Im-
possibilities in this Hypothesis, (however full of them it be,) than
that before-mentioned; since let this thinking System be all, or a
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part of the Matter of the Universe, it is impossible that any one
Particle, should either know its own, or the motion of any other
Particle, or the Whole know the motion of every Particular; and so
regulate its own Thoughts or Motions, or indeed have any Thought
resulting from such
Locke Hum IV, 10, §17, pp. 627-628