— 496 —
This Art has perplexed Religion and Justice.
      §12. Nor hath this mischief stopped in logical Niceties, or
curious empty Speculations; it hath invaded the great Concern-
ments of Humane Life and Society; obscured and perplexed the
material Truths of Law and Divinity; brought Confusion, Disorder,
and Uncertainty into the Affairs of Mankind; and if not destroyed,
yet in great measure rendred useless, those two great Rules,
Religion and Justice. What have the greatest part of the Comments
and Disputes, upon the Laws of GOD and Man served for, but to
make the meaning more doubtful, and perplex the sense? What
have been the effect of those multiplied curious Distinctions, and
acute Niceties, but Obscurity and Uncertainty, leaving the Words
more unintelligible, and the Reader more at a loss? How else comes
it to pass, that Princes, speaking or writing to their Servants, in
their ordinary Commands, are easily understood; speaking to their
People, in their Laws, are not so? And, as I remarked before, doth it
not often happen, that a Man of an ordinary Capacity, very well
understands a Text, or a Law, that he reads, till he consults an
Expositor, or goes to Council; who by that time he hath done
explaining them, makes the Words signifie either nothing at all,
or what he pleases.
Locke Hum III, 10, §12, p. 496