— 473 —
Instance in But.       §5. BUT is a Particle, none more familiar in our Language: and
he that says it is a discretive Conjunction, and that it answers Sed
in Latin, or Mais in French, thinks he has sufficiently explained it.
But yet it seems to me to intimate several relations, the Mind
gives to the several Propositions or Parts of them, which it joins by
this monosyllable.
      First, BUT to say no more: Here it intimates a stop of the Mind, in
the course it was going, before it came to the end of it.
      Secondly, I saw BUT two Planets: Here it shews, that the Mind
limits the sense to what is expressed, with a negation of all other.
      Thirdly, You pray; BUT it is not that GOD would bring you to the
true Religion.
      Fourthly, BUT that he would confirm you in your own: The first of
these BUTS, intimates a supposition in the Mind, of something
otherwise than it should be; the latter shews, that the Mind makes
a direct opposition between that, and what goes before it.
      Fifthly, All Animals have sense; BUT a Dog is an Animal: Here it
signifies little more, but that the latter Proposition is joined to the
former, as the Minor of a Syllogism.
Locke Hum III, 7, §5, p. 473