— 411 —
      §7. But to deduce this a little more distinctly, it will not perhaps
be amiss, to trace our Notions, and Names, from their beginning,
and observe by what degrees we proceed, and by what steps we
enlarge our Ideas from our first Infancy. There is nothing more
evident, than that the Ideas of the Persons Children converse with,
(to instance in them alone,) are like the Persons themselves, only
particular. The Ideas of the Nurse, and the Mother, are well framed
in their Minds; and, like Pictures of them there, represent only
those Individuals. The Names they first give to them, are confined
to these Individuals; and the Names of Nurse and Mamma, the Child
uses, determine themselves to those Persons. Afterwards, when time
and a larger Acquaintance has made them observe, that there are
a great many other Things in the World, that in some common
agreements of Shape, and several other Qualities, resemble their
Father and Mother, and those Persons they have been used to, they
frame an Idea, which they find those many Particulars do partake
in; and to that they give, with others, the name Man, for Example.
And thus they come to have a general Name, and a general Idea. Wherein
they make nothing new, but only leave out of the complex Idea
they had of Peter and James, Mary and Jane, that which is peculiar
to each, and retain only what is common to them all.
Locke Hum III, 3, §7, p. 411