— 395 —
A degree of Madness.       §4. I shall be pardon’d for calling it by so harsh a name as
Madness, when it is considered, that opposition to Reason deserves
that Name, and is really Madness; and there is scarce a Man so free
from it, but that if he should always on all occasions argue or do as
in some cases he constantly does, would not be thought fitter for
Bedlam, than Civil Conversation. I do not here mean when he is
under the power of an unruly Passion, but in the steady calm
course of his Life. That which will yet more apologize for this
harsh Name, and ungrateful Imputation on the greatest part of
Mankind is, that enquiring a little by the bye into the Nature of
Madness, B.2. c.11. §13. I found it to spring from the very same
Root, and to depend on the very same Cause we are here speaking
of. This consideration of the thing it self, at a time when I thought
not the least on the Subject which I am now treating of, suggested
it to me. And if this be a Weakness to which all Men are so liable; if
this be a Taint which so universally infects Mankind, the greater
care should be taken to lay it open under its due Name, thereby to
excite the greater care in its Prevention and Cure.
Locke Hum II, 33, §4, p. 395