— 390 —
Secondly, Modes not false.       §17. Secondly, Neither can our complex Ideas of Modes, in reference
to the Essence of any Thing really existing, be false. Because whatever
complex Idea I have of any Mode, it hath no reference to any
Pattern existing, and made by Nature: it is not supposed to contain
in it any other Ideas, than what it hath; nor to represent any thing,
but such a Complication of Ideas, as it does. Thus when I have the
Idea of such an Action of a Man, who forbears to afford himself such
Meat, Drink, and Cloathing, and other Conveniencies of Life, as
his Riches and Estate will be sufficient to supply, and his station
requires, I have no false Idea; but such an one as represents an
Action, either as I find, or imagine it; and so is capable of neither
Truth, or Falshood. But when I give the name Frugality, or Vertue, to
this Action, then it may be called a false Idea, if thereby it be sup-
posed to agree with that Idea, to which, in propriety of Speech, the
name of Frugality doth belong; or to be conformable to that Law,
which is the Standard of Vertue and Vice.
Locke Hum II, 32, §17, p. 390