— 350 —
Instituted.       §3. Thirdly, Sometimes the foundation of considering Things,
with reference to one another, is some act, whereby any one comes
by a Moral Right, Power, or Obligation to do something. Thus a
General is one, that hath power to command an Army; and an Army
under a General, is a Collection of armed Men, obliged to obey
one Man. A Citizen, or a Burgher, is one who has a Right to certain
Privileges in this or that place. All this sort depending upon Men’s
Wills, or Agreement in Society, I call Instituted, or Voluntary; and
may be distinguished from the natural, in that they are most, if not
all of them, some way or other alterable, and separable from the
Persons, to whom they have sometimes belonged, though neither of
the Substances, so related, be destroy’d. Now though these are all
reciprocal, as well as the rest; and contain in them a reference of two
things, one to the other: yet because one of the two things often
wants a relative Name, importing that reference, Men usually take
no notice of it, and the Relation is commonly over-look’d, v.g. A
Patron and Client, are easily allow’d to be Relations: but a Constable,
or Dictator, are not so readily, at first hearing, considered as such.
Because there is no peculiar Name for those who are under the
Command of a Dictator, or Constable, expressing a Relation to
either of them; though it be certain, that either of them hath a
certain Power over some others; and so is so far related to them, as
well as a Patron is to his Client, or General to his Army.
Locke Hum II, 28, §3, p. 350