— 293 —
Motion, Thinking, and Power, have been most modified.       §10. It is worth our observing which of all our simple Ideas have
been most modified, and had most mixed Modes made out of them, with names
given to them: And those have been these three; Thinking, and
Motion, (which are the two Ideas which comprehend in them all
Action,) and Power, from whence these Actions are conceived to
flow. These simple Ideas, I say, of Thinking, Motion, and Power,
have been those, which have been most modified; and out of whose
Modifications have been made most complex Modes, with names
to them. For Action being the great business of Mankind, and the
whole matter about which all Laws are conversant, it is no wonder,
that the several Modes of Thinking and Motion, should be taken
notice of, the Ideas of them observed, and laid up in the memory,
and have Names assigned to them; without which, Laws could be
but ill made, or Vice and Disorder repressed. Nor could any Com-
munication be well had amongst Men, without such complex Ideas,
with Names to them: and therefore Men have setled Names, and
supposed setled Ideas in their Minds, of modes of Actions distin-
guished by their Causes, Means, Objects, Ends, Instruments, Time,
Place, and other circumstances; and also of their Powers fitted for
those Actions: v.g. Boldness is the Power to speak or do what we
intend, before others, without fear or disorder; and the Greeks call
the confidence of speaking by a peculiar name παῤῥησία: Which
power or ability in Man, of doing any thing, when it has been
acquired by frequent doing the same thing, is that Idea, we name
Habit; when it is forward, and ready upon every occasion, to break
into Action, we call it Disposition: Thus Testiness is a disposition or
aptness to be angry.
To conclude, Let us examine any Modes of Action, v.g. Considera-
tion and Assent, which are Actions of the Mind; Running and Speaking,
which are Actions of the Body; Revenge and Murther, which are
Actions of both together, and we shall find them but so many
Collections of simple Ideas, which together make up the complex ones
signified by those Names.
Locke Hum II, 22, §10, p. 293