— 271 —
      §57. To account for the various and contrary ways Men take,
though all aim at being happy, we must consider, whence the
various uneasinesses, that determine the will in the preference of each
voluntary action, have their rise.
From bodily pains.       1. Some of them come from causes not in our power, such as are
often the pains of the Body from want, disease, or outward injuries,
as the rack, etc. which when present, and violent, operate for the
most part forcibly on the will, and turn the courses of Men’s lives
— 272 —
from Virtue, Piety, and Religion, and what before they judged to
lead to happiness; every one not endeavouring, or through disuse,
not being able by the contemplation of remote, and future good, to
raise in himself desires of them strong enough to counter-balance
the uneasiness, he feels in those bodily torments; and to keep his
will steady in the choice of those actions, which lead to future
Happiness. A neighbour Country has been of late a Tragical
Theatre, from which we might fetch instances, if there needed any,
and the World did not in all Countries and Ages furnish examples
enough to confirm that received observation, Necessitas cogit ad
Turpia, and therefore there is great reason for us to pray Lead us not
into Temptation. Matt. 6: 13; Luke 11: 4.
From wrong desires arising from wrong judgment.       2. Other uneasinesses arise from our desires of absent good; which
desires always bear proportion to, and depend on the judgment we
make, and the relish we have of any absent good; in both which we
are apt to be variously misled, and that by our own fault.
Locke Hum II, 21, §57, pp. 271-272