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The power to suspend the prosecution of any desire makes way for consideration.       §47. There being in us a great many uneasinesses always solliciting,
and ready to determine the will, it is natural, as I have said, that the
greatest, and most pressing should determine the will to the next
action; and so it does for the most part, but not always. For the
mind having in most cases, as is evident in Experience, a power to
suspend the execution and satisfaction of any of its desires, and so all,
one after another, is at liberty to consider the objects of them;
examine them on all sides, and weigh them with others. In this lies
the liberty Man has; and from the not using of it right comes all that
variety of mistakes, errors, and faults which we run into, in the
conduct of our lives, and our endeavours after happiness; whilst we
precipitate the determination of our wills, and engage too soon
before due Examination. To prevent this we have a power to suspend
the prosecution of this or that desire, as every one daily may
Experiment in himself. This seems to me the source of all liberty;
in this seems to consist that, which is (as I think improperly) call’d
Free will. For during this suspension of any desire, before the will be
determined to action, and the action (which follows that deter-
mination) done, we have opportunity to examine, view, and judge,
of the good or evil of what we are going to do; and when, upon due
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Examination, we have judg’d, we have done our duty, all that we
can, or ought to do, in pursuit of our happiness; and ’tis not a fault,
but a perfection of our nature to desire, will, and act according to
the last result of a fair Examination.
Locke Hum II, 21, §47, pp. 263-264