— 240 —
Liberty belongs not to the Will.       §14. If this be so, (as I imagine it is,) I leave it to be considered,
whether it may not help to put an end to that long agitated, and, I
think, unreasonable, because unintelligible, Question, viz. Whether
Mans Will be free, or no. For if I mistake not, it follows, from what
I have said, that the Question it self is altogether improper; and it
is as insignificant to ask, whether Man’s Will be free, as to ask,
whether his Sleep be Swift, or his Vertue square: Liberty being as
little applicable to the Will, as swiftness of Motion is to Sleep, or
squareness to Vertue. Every one would laugh at the absurdity of
such a Question, as either of these: because it is obvious, that the
modifications of motion belong not to sleep, nor the difference of
Figure to Vertue: and when any one well considers it, I think he
will as plainly perceive, that Liberty, which is but a power, belongs
only to Agents, and cannot be an attribute or modification of the
Will, which is also but a Power.
Locke Hum II, 21, §14, p. 240